History of the Department of Ukrainian Language and Culture
The Department of Ukrainian Language and Culture began its existence on July 1, 2020 as a result of the merger of the Department of Ukrainian Philology and Culture and the Department of Ukrainian Language.
The Department of Ukrainian Language (till 01.02.2016 – Ukrainian Language and Applied Linguistics) has its origins and history completely connected with the origin and development of Donetsk (Stalino) Pedagogical Institute, later Donetsk State University, since 2001 – Donetsk National University, and since October 2016 – Vasyl’ Stus Donetsk National University.
It was founded by quite a few members and only over the years has acquired its own dimension – it has focused its activity on the preparation of specialists of Ukrainian language and literature, applied linguistics of all levels of accreditation – undergraduate, specialty (till 2017), master’s degree, nurturing language in Donetsk and since November 2014 in Vinnytsia region, theoretical research in linguistics (here also working on problems of morphology and syntax, word formation and lexicology, phonetics and phonology; and regular expeditions for collecting dialectol agitation material, its streamlining; the development of new and up-to-date technologies of teaching Ukrainian in high school, etc.). All this made it possible to preserve the permanent activity of the department, to distinguish it on the national background with its unique handwriting, its own scientific concepts.
During its existence, the department changed its name several times in accordance with the needs of the educational process. Until 2007, it was called the Department of Ukrainian Language, when the specialty “Applied Linguistics” was opened the department was renamed (January 15, 2008) to the Department of Ukrainian Language and Applied Linguistics. As of February 1, 2016, as a result of the reorganization of the Linguistic Departments of the Faculty of Philology, the Department of Ukrainian Language has been created in its current structure.
The department was headed by F. Horchevych. (1938 – 1950), Kononenko A., Lymarenko V., Shevchuk O. (1962 – 1973; 1975 – 1984; 1985 – 1987); Poznanska V. (1987 – 1993), Zahnitko A. (1993 – 2014), Vintoniv M. (2014 – 2016). Koval L. heads the department now.
At different times, following specialists worked at the department: Baimut T., Bezpalova E., Biliaev O., Bondarenko S., Vazhenina O., Vakhnina T., Vynogradova O., Vyshnia L, Vintoniv M., Volianska Y., Yemelianenko H., Yermakova L., Ilyk T., Klymenko N., Kravchenko E., Kreitor A., Leonova M., Lukianova L., Lukianchuk T., Maliavin A., Mohyla N., Mozhunov V., Omelchenko Z., Poznańska V., Pomeranska L., Popova I., Pryntsevskyi I., Putilina O., Rodionova I., Rozhon L., Sushynska I.M. Froliak L., Shevchuk O., Yahodkina T.
The Department of Ukrainian Language gave birth to the Department of Ukrainian Philology and Culture, which was established in May 1995 to teach Ukrainian language at non-core faculties. Lukash H., Hlushkova H., Drobotenko V., Krasnikova V., Antoniuk O., Shapovalova N., Harkusha I., Piddubska I. went to the young department.
Extremely important contribution to the development and creation of the department’s image in the scientific and educational space of Ukraine and beyond was made by Doctor of Philological Sciences, professor Zahnitko A., whose name has always been associated with the department of Ukrainian language. Since 2015 Zagnitko A. heads the Department of General and Applied Linguistics and Slavic Philology, maintaining close connection with the Department of Ukrainian Language. Together with him worked his talented students and former teachers of the department of Ukrainian language Sytar H., KrasnobaIeva-Chorna Z., Danyliuk I.
In September 2014, as a result of the military events in our small homeland, the department was almost completely relocated together with the University to Vinnytsia, which was aided by the sincere desire of its staff to remain part of the Ukrainian University. Today, the Ukrainian language department has resumed its full-fledged activity and is gaining recognition already in a new educational space.
Department of Ukrainian Philology and Culture was founded in May 1995 to provide teaching of the disciplines of the Ukrainian and cultural cycle to students of all faculties of Donetsk National University.
In 2007 it graduated and to this day graduates bachelors and masters of cultural studies. In 2014, it continued working in Vinnytsia.
From the day the department was founded and until May 2016, the head of the department was Doctor of Philological Sciences, Professor Lukash Halyna. From May 2016 to January 2018, the department was headed by Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor Krasnikova Valentyna. From January 2018 to September 2018 – Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor Antoniuk Olena. From September 2018 until the present, the head of the department is the Doctor of Philological Sciences, Professor Kravchenko Ella Olexandrivna.
At different times, Doctor of Philology H. Lukash, Doctor of Historical Sciences A. Marhulov, Philol. Candidates of sciences, associate professors V. Krasnikova, O. Antoniuk, N. Shapovalova, H. Kravchenko, I. Piddubska, T. Buha, Candidate of Historical Sciences I. Petrova, Senior Lecturers H. Lazarenko, O. Zharovska, T. Pylypak and others worked at the department.
The history of the Department of Ukrainian Philology and Culture is more than twenty years of creative collaboration between teachers and students.
The main directions of the department’s activity are quite convincingly indicated by its name. Language and culture are two global, interconnected facets of human existence. Regardless of which faculty the student studies at and what profession he or she chooses in the future, he or she must, above all, be formed as a harmonious personality, capable of self-determination and self-realization in linguistic and cultural dimensions. It is well understood by the teachers who have been teaching and continue to teach students of all specialties of DonNU (now – Vasyl’ Stus DonNU) disciplines of the humanitarian cycle: “Ukrainian language for professional orientation”, “Cultural Studies” since the foundation of the Department of Ukrainian Philology and Culture”, “Ukrainian and foreign culture”, “History of Ukrainian culture”, “Ukrainian business language”, “Ukrainian studies” and others. There are also various cultural and educational activities aimed at improving the culture of students of different (in particular non-humanitarian) specialties of the university: Holidays of the mother tongue, visiting museums, study tours.
The new bright pages filled the life of the department in 2009, just when it became graduative and began to prepare students in the specialty “Cultural Studies”. The staff of the department worked fruitfully in Donetsk and now, already in Vinnytsia, purposefully works for future culturologists to actively and creatively discover for themselves various facets of a comprehensive and the world full of mysteries, called culture.
“Traveling – we learn.” The study of culture is a kind of journey: in space and time, in the world of genres and styles, hypotheses and concepts, creative efforts and the ingenious discoveries of humanity. The inquisitive travelers can see with their own eyes the phenomena of culture, to immerse themselves in a unique cultural environment. That is why cultural students and teachers travel a lot, especially during museum, ethnographic and ethno-cultural internships. The first routes ran through the streets of the hometown of Donetsk, as well as the exhibition halls of the Donetsk Regional Art and Donetsk Regional Museums, where, starting from the first year, students not only listened to guides, but also developed and conducted various excursions. Every year the subject of study excursions was enriched and the geography of the trips expanded: cultural students visited the most interesting objects of nature and culture of Donetsk region: the Greatanadol Forest with the only Museum of Forest in Ukraine, Holy Dormition Monastery in Volnovakha, Museum of Ukrainian Architecture, Museum of Ukrainian Architecture in v. Prelesne, Museum-Reserve ‘Kamyany Mohyly, V. Nemyrovych-Danchenko Museum-Estate in the village Neskuchne, of Velikonovosilkivskiy district, the Museum of the History and Ethnography of the Azov Greeks in Sartan Township and many others. An interesting experience was the development of tourist routes by cultural students.
In 2010, the students, together with their teachers, visited Poland and saw the amazing architecture of Krakow.
In January 2013, teachers organized a week-long ethnographic expedition along the route: Donetsk – Kiev – Ivano-Frankivsk – Kosmach – Kolomyia – Donetsk, which gave an unforgettable experience.
The department keeps the tradition of cognitive journeys and continues this work in Podillya.
“In the ocean of native people, we open spiritual islands.” There is such a wise saying: “The eyes of a man contemplate the whole world, but his feet should stand firmly on his native land.” For the professional training of future culturologists, this idea is especially relevant, because a comprehensive study of world culture is possible only if a deep understanding of the norms and values of the culture of their people. Self-awareness and values of personality must be formed in the native ethno-cultural environment. To get to know their origins more deeply, to feel the originality of their own culture, age-old wisdom and beauty of native traditions, to strengthen intergenerational ties, as well as to create a tolerant attitude to representatives of other ethnic communities, to improve the skills of intercultural communication, cultural studies students, can by learning ‘Ethnocultural Interpretation ”,“ Ukrainian Ethnoculture of Family and Life ”,“ International Cultural Cooperation ”and others. Within these disciplines, cultural students, together with the teachers of the department, from the time of opening of the specialty, systematically developed and implemented their own ethno-cultural projects (in Easter eggs, motancarry, Ukrainian traditional cuisine), held various ethnographic events: “St. Catherine’s Day”, “St. Andrew’s evenings” Naum Holiday “,” Student Christmas carols”,” Maslyana “,” Vesnyanky “, etc., as well as actively learning about the culture of the ethnic communities of Donetsk region. Particularly striking in this respect were: the concert by Bakht Roman (Gypsy Happiness), an introduction to the activities of the Poloniya Society, the spiritual traditions of the Don Cossacks, and the culture of the Azov Greeks.
Educational expeditions to historical and ethnographic regions of Ukraine and abroad became traditional. Thus, in 2010, students, together with their teachers, visited Sanok in Poland, where they became acquainted with the Lemko and Boyko architecture, as well as folk crafts.
In January 2013, thanks to a week-long ethnographic expedition along the route: “Donetsk – Kiev – Ivano-Frankivsk – Kosmach – Kolomyia – Donetsk”, students visited the Pysanka Museum in Kolomyia, a folk music instruments workshop in the village of Kolomyia. Kosmach, together with the locals, lived in Hutsul houses, traveled through the snow-covered Carpathians, and saw with their own eyes the variety of Christmas and New Year traditions of the Hutsul region.
A bright unforgettable page in the life of the department and the whole university was the Festival of Christmas Bands “Bethlehem Star-2013” – a large-scale ethno-cultural project, developed and implemented by cultural students under the guidance of Associate Professors Shapovalova Nataliia and Antoniuk Olena Viktorivna. The main objectives of the festival were the reproduction of Ukrainian Christmas traditions, taking into account the specifics of different regions of Ukraine (in particular – Slobozhanshchyna, Volyn, Lemkivshchyna and Hutsulschyna), as well as the dissemination of information about traditional Ukrainian Christmas and New Year rituals among the youth of Donetsk region. The three-day festival brought together almost all students of cultural studies from the 1st to the 4th year, representatives of the physical-technical, economical-law, economics faculties of DonNU and numerous guests – creative teams of Donetsk region.
Ethno-cultural work of the department continued in Podillya. Relations were established with ethnic and ethno-religious communities of Vinnytsia region, with employees of Vinnytsia Regional Art and Vinnytsia Regional Museums, who study and promote the spiritual and material culture of Ukrainians in Podillya, as well as other peoples of Ukraine and the world. Teachers and students of the department participated in the organization and holding of a conference and plener in the Museum of Pottery named after O. Lutsyshyn in Vinnytsia, the Festival of Japanese Culture in Vinnytsia Regional Museum; repeatedly visited the National Museum of Ukrainian Folk Architecture and Life in the village Pyrohovo near Kiev.
Each year, teachers and students of the department conduct ethnocultural events at the university: “Vechornytsi”, “Kalyta”, master classes on petrykivsky painting, motankarstvo. The topics of the events are constantly enriched, and students of different specialties are involved in them.
We are expanding the scientific horizons.” Under the guidance of teachers, students in the field of Cultural Studies are making the first steps towards future scientific discoveries. The foundations of the department’s research work, laid in its time in Donetsk, are getting stronger every year. During the existence of the department, our cultural scientists have repeatedly demonstrated their research potential at the specialty Olympiad in Kyiv, at the conference of young scientists and students at the Kharkiv State Academy of Culture and other scientific conferences and seminars.
Since 2012, the Department of Ukrainian Philology and Culture has regularly held an All-Ukrainian Scientific Conference of Young Scientists and Students “Culture in the Focus of Scientific Paradigms,” and publishes annually collections of scientific papers.
“We feel our heart – we help with good deeds.” Responsiveness, humanity, empathy, a willingness to help those who need it are essential features of a cultured person. Students and teachers take part in charity events and also carry out their own actions aimed at helping orphans, low-income citizens and people with disabilities. Among the bases of cultural practice of culturologists in Donetsk, special attention was always paid to the Rehabilitation Center ‘Rainbow’ , the Children’s Cardiology Sanatorium, and the Children’s Home in Makiivka. Many future culturologists have tried to make warm things and toys for orphans since the existence of the specialty (for this purpose the department held master classes), participated in the organized charity exhibition “Bag of St. Nicholas”, helped to organize the cultural life of patients with cardiolitis patients center “Rainbow”, Maslyana holiday for the purpose of raising funds for the orphanage in Kramatorsk and others. In Vinnytsia, students and teachers of the department continue the relay of good works, visit children’s homes and boarding schools, participate in faculty, university and other charitable projects.
Every day of culturologists’ life – for teachers and students – is full of lively communication, creative activity, vivid experiences and new discoveries. The staff of the Department of Ukrainian Philology and Culture is actively working to preserve the best traditions and years of experience and develop new strategies that meet the requirements today.